Your cornea is the clear, dome-shaped window at the front of your eye that focuses light. Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease in which the normally round cornea thins and begins to bulge into a cone-like shape. This cone shape deflects light as it enters the eye, causing distorted vision.
By getting annual routine eye exams, your Optometrists at MVC Eye Care will be able to identify Keratoconus in its early stages. They will work with you to find the best treatment plan for your needs.
Keratoconus causes progressive nearsightedness and irregular astigmatism as the cornea becomes more irregular in shape. This creates additional problems with distorted and blurred vision. Glare and light sensitivity may also occur. Keratoconic patients often experience changes in their eyeglasses prescription every time they visit their eye doctor.
Keratoconus can occur in one or both eyes and often begins during a person’s teens or early twenties. It is often associated with excessive eye rubbing and chronic eye irritation.
No one knows the true cause of keratoconus, however genetic and environmental factors are thought to be involved. Research suggests the weakening of the corneal tissue that leads to keratoconus may be due to an imbalance of enzymes within the cornea. This imbalance makes the cornea more susceptible to oxidative damage from compounds, causing it to weaken and bulge forward.
– Having a family history of Keratoconus (as mentioned above)
– Rubbing your eyes vigorously
– Having certain conditions, such as Down syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, retinitis pigmentosa, hay fever and/or asthma
A few common treatment methods for Keratoconus include, but are not limited to: Scleral, semi-scleral, and hybrid contact lenses.
Dr. Suzanna Schmitt specializes in these treatment methods and can help you with finding the best plan for your unique needs. Dr. Schmitt primarily practices from our Milford, NH location. Call or Text (603) 672-0338 if you have any questions and/or to schedule a consultation to go over your options.